Shawnee RC&D, a regional non-profit, was concerned about the impact woody invasive species (bush and Japanese honeysuckles, autumn olive, and multiflora rose) were having on the quality of natural woodlands in southern Illinois, particularly in the Shawnee National Forest.
To assist in locating and mapping these alien invaders, AES collected aerial imagery in a 100-square mile project area using both a high resolution, multi-spectral aerial camera, and complementary geo-referenced oblique aerial photography.
Collection of the imagery was completed in mid-November, strategically timed to seasonal phenology — shortly after the deciduous trees lost their leaves but before the woody invasive shrubs had lost their foliage.
Processing of the multi-spectral imaging involved methods to ortho-rectify, color balance, mosaic, and stack imagery into four bands including red, green, blue, and near infrared.
The near-infrared band displays the green leaves of the invasive species as the color red, which is particularly valuable for identifying the target species beneath the leaf-off forest canopy.
The imaging process was augmented by on-the-ground field inspections conducted by an AES ecologist in coordination with a GIS/remote sensing specialist. Data were used to “train” the GIS software to reliably recognize the targeted plant species on the imagery.
Through testing and ground confirmation, we determined that a spectral enhancement technique known as Normalized Vegetation Index that uses the red and near-infrared bands, produced the most accurate mapping results.
Refinement and calibration produced maps of very high reliability. Thus, through a least-cost process, AES was able to give agency staff highly precise maps complete with coordinates of thousands of individual plants — facilitating their eventual removal in an eradication program.
- Aerial Imaging + Analysis
- GIS Remote Sensing + Mapping
- Field Confirmation + Ground-Truthing
- Software Training
- Imagery Interpretation